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Pragmatic profiles of adults with Fragile X syndrome and Williams syndrome

dc.contributor.authorDíez Itza, Eliseo 
dc.contributor.authorViejo Sánchez, Aitana 
dc.contributor.authorFernández Urquiza, Maite
dc.identifier.citationBrain Sciences, 12(3) (2022); doi:10.3390/brainsci12030385
dc.description.abstractLinguistic phenotypes of individuals with Fragile X (FXS) and Williams (WS) syndromes exhibit various degrees of pragmatic impairment, involving difficulties in social communication and in adapting to conversational principles. The goal of the present study was to explore syndrome-specific pragmatic profiles of adults with FXS and WS based on the assessment of the observance of Gricean maxims of conversation. The participants were 12 Spanish-speaking adults (6 FXS/6 WS), without a diagnosis of ASD, whose extensive naturalistic conversations (71,859 words) were transcribed and coded with the CHILDES/TALKBANK tools and the PREP-CORP pragmatic protocol. Violations of the maxims of conversation were analyzed, and indexes of cooperation and conversational response were obtained. Both groups showed reduced verbal production and repetitive dysfluencies; prominent features in the FXS profile were higher proportion of non-contingent language, perseverations of topic and form, and impulsive conversational responses; in the WS profile, salient characteristics were higher proportion of tangential utterances, reformulations, and conversational responses reflecting overly literal interpretation. Pragmatic profiles of violation of conversational maxims reflect specific communication skills impaired in adults with FXS and WS and raise the need for assessment and intervention methods that specifically address their social communication
dc.description.sponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy MINECO [FFI2012-39325-C03-03]; Fragile X Syndrome Association of the Basque Country [FUO095-19]; Foundation for Scientific Research and Technology (FICYT) [BP19-150]
dc.publisherHaruhiro Higashidaspa
dc.relation.ispartofBrain Sciences,12(3)spa
dc.rightsCC Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights© 2022 Diez-Itza et al.
dc.subjectpragmatic assessmentspa
dc.subjectpragmatic impairment
dc.subjectGricean maxims of conversation
dc.subjectsocial pragmatic communication disorder
dc.subjectFragile X syndrome
dc.subjectWilliams syndrome
dc.titlePragmatic profiles of adults with Fragile X syndrome and Williams syndromespa
dc.typejournal articlespa
dc.relation.projectIDSevero Ochoa/BP19-150
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accessspa

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