Ruiz Zapata, M. Blanca Dorado, Miriam Valdeomillos, Ana Gil García, María José Bardají, Teresa Bustamente, Irene de Martínez, Ignacio
Iron encrustation Hot springs Lateral lessivage Glacis and terrace crusts Calatrava, Spain
Universidad de Alcalá
Poblete, M.A. (2003). The role of hydrothermal activity in the origin of the ferruginous crusts in Calatrava (Guadiana Basin of Spain): an approach to the paleoclimatic conditions. En M.B. Ruiz Zapata et al. (eds.), Quaternary climatic changes and environmental crises in the Mediterranean Region (pp. 161-167). Alcalá de Heranes : Universidad de Alcalá
Through chemical, mineralogical and geomophorlogical analysis, the ferruginous crusts in Calatrava are interpreted as Pliocenous and Pleistocenous deposits (alluvial fans, fluvial terraces, colluviums, accumulative glacis, etc.) cemented by ferrous oxides and hidroxides (hematite and geothite), by a lateral movement of hot springs loaded with dissolved iron, probably under a very extreme mediterranean paleoclimate, which has governed this area since the lower Pliocene until the upper Pleistocene, without any lateritic weatherings being detected in any case.