International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 220(4), p. 647-658; doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.008
Background: In 2003 the INMA—INfancia y Medio Ambiente (Environment and Childhood) project, a Spanish national network of birth cohorts including more than 3500 participants, was set up with the aim to assess the health impacts of pre- and postnatal environmental exposures on children. The project has published more than 60 papers on maternal and environmental factors related to neuropsychological development in children, one of the main research interests within the project. With the present review, we evaluate the evidence provided by the INMA project on this topic and discuss how the data can contribute to cover the challenges that children’s environmental health research will face in the coming years. Results: The INMA project has contributed to provide increasing evidence of the association between prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and child neuropsychological development, but it has also shown, using innovative methodologies, that postnatal exposure to these compounds does not play a role in this association. The project has also contributed to show the detrimental influence of certain air pollutants on child neuropsychological development, as well as how a balanced maternal fish intake can protect from the potential adverse effects of prenatal exposure to mercury. Also, the project has contributed to the understanding of impacts of nutritional factors including supplement intake and vitamin D levels during pregnancy and the role of breastfeeding on the neuropsychological benefits.
This study was supported Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Red INMA G03/176, CB06/02/0041, 97/0588, 00/0021-2, PI04/1436, PI06/1756, PI08/1151, PS09/01958, PI12/01890, PI14/00677, MS13/00054, CP13/00054 including FIS-FEDER funds 03/1615, 04/1509, 04/1112, 04/1931, 05/1079, 05/1052, 06/1213, 07/0314, 09/02311, 09/02647, 11/0178, 11/02591, 11/02038, 13/1944, 13/2032, 13/02429, 14/0891, 14/1687, and 16/1288) and Miguel Servet-FEDER MS15/00025, Spanish Ministry of Health - CIBERESP (FIS-97/1102, FIS-PS09/00362, FIS-07/0252, FIS-PI11/00610, FISPI07/0252, FISPI11/0610, FIS-PI04/2018, FIS-PI09/02311, FISPI13/02429, FIS-PI06/0867, FIS-PS09/00090, FIS-PI13/02187, PI13/02406, MS13/00054), Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (SAF2012-32991 incl. FEDER funds), EU Comission (QLK4-CT-2000-00263, QLK4-1999-01422, QLK4-2002-00603 and CONTAMED FP7-ENV-212502, FP7-ENV-2011 cod 282957, 261357, 308333 and 603794 and HEALTH.2010.2.4.5-1), Generalitat de Catalunya-CIRIT 1999SGR 00241, Generalitat de Catalunya-AGAUR (2009 SGR501, 2014 SGR 822), Department of Health of the Basque Government (2005111093, 2009111069, 2013111089 and 2015111065), the Provincial Government of Gipuzkoa (DFG06/002, DFG08/001 and DFG15/221), Consejería de Salud de la Junta de Andalucía (grant number 183/07 and SAS-PI-0675-2010), Conselleria de Sanitat, Generalitat Valenciana, Andalusia Regional Government – Consejería de Salud (Grants P09-CTS-5488 Project of Excellence, and SAS PI-0133-2007; PI-0675–2010), Agence Nationale de Securite Sanitaire de l’Alimentation de l’Environnement et du Travail (1262C0010), beca de la IV convocatoria de Ayudas a la Investigación en Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas de La Caixa, Fundació La Caixa (97/009-00 and 00/077-00), Fundació La Marató de TV3 (090430), Obra Social Cajastur/Fundación Liberbank and University of Oviedo, and annual agreements with the municipalities of the area of study (Zumarraga, Urretxu, Legazpi, Azkoitia y Azpeitia y Beasain)
Spanish Ministry of Health - CIBERESP/(FIS-97/1102 MINECO/(SAF2012-32991 incl. FEDER funds) CONTAMED FP7-ENV-212502 CONTAMED FP7-ENV-2011